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June 24, 2015

DeathWhileBlackbyBlack

by MullOverThis

Roxane Gay wrote an Op-Ed piece for the NY Times addressing why she can’t forgive Dylan Roof.

While the massacre of 9 people has led to a plethora of issues and campaigns on the “back” of such a tragedy, many are focused on discerning the underlying and recognizing the all so obvious racial under and overtones of major players in the status of race relations in America. Interestingly, Sis. Gay has been inspired to write this piece with the very relevant context that although she is not immediately connected to the people or events from this shooting, her Blackness and humanity put her in the very place to be unforgiving: certain things are beyond forgiving.

This article should NOT be ignored. It expresses the very reason that those who cannot fully “gel” with this #Blacklivesmatter movement are resistant.  What Dylan Roof has done is “beneath her contempt”.

I wonder if Black men in a Philadelphia shooting 3 children and 7 adults is beneath her contempt. What “factors” make deliberate actions taken by gunmen to wilfully take lives–whether their shots are successful or not–ace the meeting of this standard?

The color of the gunman’s skin?

The color of the body bags?

The repeated history of unjust killings?

The fact that these patterns of unjust killings continue without end?

When DeathwhileBlackbyBlack occurs what do the answers to the foregoing questions look like? They do not differ when families are mourning their lost loved ones. Hypocrisy is a wicked character trait and is dangerous when one has a voice to fuel it in others.

How is it that since Dylan Roof executed those 9 people in South Carolina, there have been 3 mass shootings of BLACK PEOPLE where murders have been committed, and these events are “normal” news reports?  Because some people have the same make-up of Roxane Gray. They are moved beyond moved when racial animus is involved. The world flips upside down and evil and the “unforgivable” take place when once again, White people continue to do what White people have historically done.

MullOverThis does not expect any SM banter about we must remember the names of those wounded or killed in any of these 3 murders sprees injuring numerous Black people. These very defendents will automatically be defended by the school to prison pipelines, disenfranchisement of the Black family, privitization of prisons meant to keep Black men shooting their own so the prisons can be filled with lifetime felons, and every over-arching institutionalized racism reason as justifications for why we can “SMH”, “Wow”, “that’s so sad”, “We need to do more for our youth”, “We need some more programs to give Black men hope” and every other empassioned commentary in instances of #deathwhileblackbyblack. There will be no memorial and review of who these people shot actually were.  Why?  Because they are the very ones who we visit in jail, love, and “pray for”, not issue unforgivable justifications why the very same act another commits, makes the other unforgivable.

It is clear as day that all of these ills need to include prejudice and hypocrisy. If Dylan Roof is “unforgivable” solely on the basis of his White racist-ness, then all of these other Black murderers out to be the same on the basis of their Black self-hatredness and terrorism to their own.

It is clear as a warm sunny sky that many people hate racism more than they love their own. Their own perish daily, in like manner, but…there is no need to pen articles about the unforgivable acts of Black men who assassinate their own families, associate, friends and those they do not know.

You don’t even have to be religious to forgive. You definitely don’t have to be religious to be appalled by unjust treatment when race is involved, HOWEVER the pendulum swings when a lethal weapon is in the hands of an assailant who kills without cause.

All Black lives matter, not just the ones unjustly taken by White people or police brutality.

MullOverThis

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July 24, 2008

AN OPEN DIALOGUE: LEADERSHIP IN THE AFRICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITY

by MullOverThis

Jesse Jackson’s recent ramblings about Barack Obama presents a melange of considerations for the African American community regarding leadership, loyalties, priorities, policies and unwritten codes of conduct.  Here’s some thoughts I posted on another blog reflecting the same:

“To call Jackson a hater is shallow and simplistic. Jackson has a great company of other civil rights and local Black community leaders who did not immediately rally behind Obama because Obama is not a black community leader.   [These loyalists] had political alliances with national leaders who took care of their local agendas. So because Obama now most probably will be a Black man leading this country, everyone else [including the old regime] must fall in line. This does not nullify the need for Black community leaders, because Obama’s history is a good indicator that he will not focus on African American concerns, but concerns for all. So Jesse, who has championed the causes for Black people for decades, can have his opinion and say what he wants.  He just needs to act like a reverend and have some decorum in his conversation.
Obama’s individual responsibility approach is not new, but is [certainly] needed.  Bill Cosby and other conservative leaders have been shaking their fingers at the Black Community for years urging African Americans to clean up our own lives.  But,  DON’T BE FOOLED.  Although this type of leadership is necessary, Bill, Obama, and Armstrong Williams are not coming to your rescue if your son is murdered at the hands of police brutality, or if your black daughter is missing and there is no national news media coverage.  Jesse, Al Sharpton, and endless other leaders are the ones who have stuck in the trenches and still will when the very necessary Obama is taking care of other business.  So the Black Community ought not rush to dethrone [our leaders] because we will be in for rude awakening if we think Obama changes [this] dynamic.”

A good place to begin in this dialogue is to define and identify our leadership.  I’ll start off by saying that a leader in the black community is one who the community recognizes has the ability to inform, mobilize and steer the community when there is a crisis, urgency, or injustice that should be of concern to African Americans; one who has the ability to incite collective action amongst African Americans;  and otherwise, one whose life and work advances the lives of African American people.  When collective action is needed, community leaders get the phone calls.   

This is just be a place to begin.  Mulloverthis and contribute.

June 29, 2008

Nader Accuses Obama of “Talking White”

by MullOverThis

Here we go again.   Every now and again, I cannot contain my ability to allow Whiteys to brief themselves and simply mind my business. 

Although they may be polar opposites, Pat Buchanan’s fellow Blackman Detective Ralph Nader, accused Democratic Presidential Nominee, Senator Bararck Obama of “talking white”.  It is important to comprehend the context of this remark to fully appreciate what Nader is communicating.

http://www.rockymountainnews.com/news/2008/jun/25/nader-critical-of-obama-for-trying-to-talk-white/

Apparently, Nader is miffed by Obama’s political agenda because it does not include–or at least has not widely pushed–the issues that plague the abject poor.  Although I wholeheartedly and cannot emphasize enough how much I agree, I cannot side with Detective Nader this time.  Predatory lending, payday loans and the like should be addressed by the Obama campaign along with a number of other issues that plague, transcend and certainly is not limited to  the Black community.  However, Obama is not the candidate of the Black Community and never has been.  This is what distinguishes him from the Al Sharptons and Jesse Jacksons of the political world.  This is what may even get Obama into the White House.  He is not alienating white people because he is not a crusader for Black people.  White people don’t have to feel threatened by Obama.  Obama is not “talking White”.  He is talking what he so-called believes in.  If what he believes in is “white”, then remember, Nader said it first.   We just may have to accept that White talk is non-Black community, non-poor or working class talk, according to white political detectives.  By the way, who gave Nader his detective badge and authority? Whoever credentialed him in this regard is a target for citizens arrest.

Obama is the people’s candidate.  Folks, Obama wants to see everybody happy and fusion in the melting pot of America.  Can’t we all just get along?  In Obama’s world one day we will all–the teenage mothers who kill unborn babies without parental consent, along with the conservative Christian right, human beings with male genitalia and female breast implants who are a man on Monday and a woman on Thursday, Black militant leaders (at least until they become too vocal and threaten his popularity), with young KKK prospects, skinheads, aryans, Farrahkhanites, and Oprah along with her occult spiritual advisors, the Bible toting believers and all, rich and poor, gun control advocates and right to bear arm purists–live and be free, free at last, from and bounds of human decency and morality all with an occasional Obamian attempt to abuse the Bible to justify this unity. 

Let’s be excited about our Country and the opportunity for Obama, a Black man, to finally be President.  But let’s not forget to be excited about the ideals of faith in the God of the Bible as a Christian nation.  And let’s certainly not forget that Obama is a man who happens to be Black and is free to be who he is.  He should not be held to represent a community that he does not, simply because he is Black.  White talk is not serious Presidential talk.  Obama is talking competent candidate talk.  Obama is simply being a man who reflects his earnest convictions, much of which I adamantly disagree with. 

So Nader has done as Whitey always does.  “Missed it” because he is clueless.  Once White men learn that they are not Black, and can never speak for a Black man or the Black community, they will stop trying to tell Black people how Black they are, and are not and what their speech is, and is not.  The Naders of this world will realize that–after they just may have to be treated for shock–the Black community is not homogeneous, and every successful Black person does and may not relate to what a white man thinks should be important to our community.

I’m sure Nader has good common sense but this was just a glitch in his pompous brain.  An inverse analysis would suggest that golfing, badminton, the prime rate, Haliburton, and private banking is appropriate talk for white politicians.  Or better yet, Nader “talks Black” by his own standards. 

Moderator’s Note:  I do not believe that Nader is a racist, or a white man oblivious to what concerns many in the Black community.  He is simply engaging in Whitey behavior by suggesting that Obama’s decided calling card during his campaign should emphasize the poor.  

May 1, 2008

What Will Happen With McCain, Hilary, Obama and Wright

by MullOverThis

Reputedly, McCain’s campaign has counted Hilary Clinton out.  What a demonstration of pompousity to its height.  Or, maybe this is just the type of touting we can expect from two men who appear to be quite frustrated with having to take Hilary as a serious contender in the first place.  The Pennsylvania win and current edge Clinton has against McCain in some of the latest polls is not enough for McCain to consider.  But the latest AP poll showing Hilary has a nine point lead over McCain as the most likely President should not fall on deaf McCain ears.  Seems like the old boys network is tightening its ranks to squeeze Hilary out of the race, as momentum builds for her candidacy.  So the defection of a former DNC chairman super-delegate to endorse Obama is not a surprise.  The subtle impression these moves would try to give the public is that Hilary can’t beat McCain so why even pay attention.  But the reality is, she can beat McCain, and probably would fare better against him than Obama.  So to those who don’t have earplugs in while crossing a busy street against a red stoplight and the warning hand sign, don’t fall for the hype.  The boys feel the pulse of too much happening for Hilary that just may put her in the White House.

One thing we do know, either Hilary or Barack will have to bow out within the next few weeks.  The DNC Chairman has put up the flag and one of the hopefuls must quit to foster unity within party ranks to beat McCain.  I really don’t think this will be quite difficult, because once press coverage narrows to the Democratic candidate versus McCain, McCain own words will push voters to make sure we don’t have a borderline Alzheimers patient in office.  Even his honorable military service can’t justify the concept of 100 more years in Iraq.  Forget McCain’s temperament.  Something must be wrong upstairs to think that Americans will tolerate another term in Iraq, more or less another century, if necessary.  Hopefully, Americans will put someone in office who will have the wherewithal and  ability to get us out much sooner.

Hilary just needs to keep campaigning and focus on her agenda.  She does not need to capitalize on any Obama or McCain mishaps or blunders.  These gentlemen are about to box it out with one another.  Obama needs to focus on his campaign and issues that will repair the breach his comments have made against the working class.  There is no advantage, whatsoever, to dwell in  Pastor Wrightville and attempt to disassociate or denounce any of Wright’s statements or actions.  Obama, in my opinion, slaughters his own credibility by acting as if his former Pastor’s commentary and mentality is a news flash to him.  Again, no real-life church member sits and is an active part of a church for 20 years and does not know the heart and sentiments of the pastor. 

If any one thing can be credited with reversing Obamamania,  Pastor Wright holds the winning ticket.  Pastor Wright feels the need to be as arrogant as he possibly can in providing pedantic context to his messages which he claims was discolored by biased repeated airings of sound bytes and edited clips.  This mission of Pastor Wright’s, of course, since he can’t even make himself appear to be humble, cannot wait until the criticism dies down so that Obama can begin to recover from public scrutiny for sitting under a man who can justify cussing from the pulpit.  And, Wright’s weak-kneed current attempts to cloak his inappropriate editorializations in the guise of the prophetic tradition of the black church is aggregious. 

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Although I may be young, I have been in the black church for almost 40 years.  This pulpiteering may have existed at Obama’s church, amongst others, but is by no means a tradition of the black church.  Here we have another decrepid use of the race card.  Most importantly, authentic prophets don’t take the time to keep explaining why they had to obey God and speak what they were ordered to speak, when it is real prophecy, particularly to an audience that has absolutely no ability to comprehend such an explanation.  So Wright needs to SIT DOWN and enjoy his retirement because this explanation is not cutting the mustard.

If Obama is to recover, he simply needs to keep campaigning and ignore Wright.

 

 

For more on this topic, peruse the articles below:

http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/D/DEMOCRATS?SITE=AP&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT&CTIME=2008-05-01-16-59-04

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/01/us/politics/01poll.html?nl=pol&emc=pola1

http://news.aol.com/elections/story/_a/new-poll-points-to-problems-for-obama/20080501092209990001

http://news.aol.com/elections/story/_a/obama-fights-perception-he-is-elitist/n20080501152409990029?cid=435

April 7, 2008

MLK Jr. & Other Civil Rights Giants

by MullOverThis

Fairly recently, I had a discussion with a family member who was highly offended that I did not esteem Martin Luther King, Jr. above other civil rights workers, civil rights attorneys, and politicians who worked in tandem with the movement to fight for equality for all people in the United States.  The distinguishing factor between Martin Luther King Jr. and others was that he paid for my liberty today, in part,  with his own life.  I could not possibly be civilized and not recognize the bravery of Martin Luther King, Jr. who was aware of impending threats on his life, had actually suffered brutality, and still made a conscious decision to be the spokesperson and key leader to a non-violent liberation movement.  Coretta Scott King and his children were the ones who paid an ultimate price as well.   I had to make the critical point to my relative, which was quite difficult to swallow, that Martin Luther King was not the only person who was aware that committed action in the civil rights movement could cost anyone his own life, and still worked to fight segregation, discrimination, racism, and to create opportunities for economic equality among all people.  Martin Luther King, Jr. was a martyr for freedom.  He, however, was not the only one.  Look at the brief stories of 40 other people who died prematurely, because of the wicked violence from a white supremacist South and corrupt United States government during the Civil Rights era.  EACH PERSON WHO DIED, like Martin Luther King, Jr., helped to pave the way to the greater (but not yet finished) race relations and protections we now enjoy under the law in the United States.  All of these individuals had families who had to redefine life without them.  This tribute is the Martin Luther King Jr., AND ALL OF THOSE WHO LOST THEIR LIVES IN THE STRUGGLE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, as adapted from the Southern Poverty Law Center website:

                           

May 7, 1955 Belzoni, Mississippi. 

 

 
REV. GEORGE LEE, one of the first black people registered to vote in Humphreys County, used his pulpit and his printing press to urge others to vote. White officials offered Lee protection on the condition he end his voter registration efforts, but Lee refused and was murdered.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

August 13, 1955 Brookhaven, Mississippi.
 

 

 
 
 
LAMAR SMITH was shot dead on the courthouse lawn by a white man in broad daylight while dozens of people watched. The killer was never indicted because no one would admit they saw a white man shoot a black man. Smith had organized blacks to vote in a recent election.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
August 28, 1955 Money, Mississippi. 
 

 

 
 
EMMETT LOUIS TILL, a 14-year-old boy on vacation from Chicago, reportedly flirted with a white woman in a store. Three nights later, two men took Till from his bed, beat him, shot him, and dumped his body in the Tallahatchie River. An all-white jury found the men innocent of murder.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
October 22, 1955 Mayflower, Texas. 
 

 

 
 
JOHN EARL REESE, 16, was dancing in a café when white men fired shots into the windows. Reese was killed and two others were wounded. The shootings were part of an attempt by whites to terrorize blacks into giving up plans for a new school.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
January 23, 1957 Montgomery, Alabama. 
 

 

 
 
WILLIE EDWARDS JR., a truck driver, was on his way to work when he was stopped by four Klansmen. The men thought Edwards was another man who they believed was dating a white woman. They force Edwards at gunpoint to jump off a bridge into the Alabama River. Edwards’ body was found three months later.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
April 25, 1959 Poplarville, Mississippi.

 

 

          

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MACK CHARLES PARKER, 23, was accused of raping a white woman. Three days before his case was set for trial, a masked mob took him from his jail cell, beat him, shot him, and threw him in the Pearl River.

September 25, 1961 Liberty, Mississippi.

 

HERBERT LEE, who worked with civil rights leader Bob Moses to help register black voters, was killed by a state legislator who claimed self-defense and was never arrested. Louis Allen, a black man who witnessed the murder, was later also killed.

April 9, 1962 Taylorsville, Mississippi.

 

 CPL. ROMAN DUCKSWORTH JR., a military police officer stationed in Maryland, was on leave to visit his sick wife when he was ordered off a bus by a police officer and shot dead. The police officer may have mistaken Ducksworth for a “freedom rider” who was testing bus desegregation laws.

September 30, 1962 Oxford, Mississippi.

 

PAUL GUIHARD, a reporter for a French news service, was killed by gunfire from a white mob during protests over the admission of James Meredith to the University of Mississippi.

 
April 23, 1963 Attalla, Alabama.
 

 

WILLIAM LEWIS MOORE, a postman from Baltimore, was shot and killed during a one-man march against segregation. Moore had planned to deliver a letter to the governor of Mississippi urging an end to intolerance. 

 June 12, 1963 Jackson, Mississippi.
MEDGAR EVERS, who directed naacp operations led a campaign for integration in Jackson when he was shot and killed by a sniper at his home.
September 15, 1963 Birmingham, Alabama.

ADDIE MAE COLLINS, DENISE McNAIR, CAROLE ROBERTSON and CYNTHIA WESLEY were getting ready for church services when a bomb exploded at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, killing all four ofthe school-age girls. The church had been a center for civil rights meetings and marches.
 
September 15, 1963 Birmingham, Alabama. 

VIRGIL LAMAR WARE, 13, was riding on the handlebars of his brother’s bicycle when he was fatally shot by white teenagers. The white youths had come from a segregationist rally held in the aftermath of theSixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing.

January 31, 1964 Liberty, Mississippi.
 

 

 
 
LOUIS ALLEN, who witnessed the murder of civil rights worker Herbert Lee, endured years of threats, jailings and harassment. He was making final arrangements to move North on the day he was killed.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
April 7, 1964 Cleveland, Ohio.
 

 

 
 
REV. BRUCE KLUNDER was among civil rights activists who protested the building of a segregated school by placing their bodies in the way of construction equipment. Klunder was crushed to death when a bulldozer backed over him.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

May 2, 1964 Meadville, Mississippi.
 

 

 
 
HENRY HEZEKIAH DEE and CHARLES EDDIE MOORE were killed by Klansmen who believed the two were part of a plot to arm blacks in the area. (There was no such plot.) Their bodies were found during a massive search for the missing civil rights workers Chaney, Goodman and Schwerner.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 June 21, 1964 Philadelphia, Mississippi.
 

 

 
 
JAMES EARL CHANEY, ANDREW GOODMAN, and MICHAEL HENRY SCHWERNER, young civil rights workers, were arrested by a deputy sheriff and then released into the hands of Klansmen who had plotted their murders. They were shot, and their bodies were buried in an earthen dam.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 July 11, 1964 Colbert, Georgia.
 

 

 
 
LT. COL. LEMUEL PENN, a Washington, D.C., educator, was driving home from U.S. Army Reserves training when he was shot and killed by Klansmen in a passing car.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

February 26, 1965 Marion, Alabama

 

JIMMIE LEE JACKSON was beaten and shot by state troopers as he tried to protect his grandfather and mother from a trooper attack on civil rights marchers. His death led to the Selma-Montgomery march and the eventual passage of the Voting Rights Act.

March 11, 1965 Selma, Alabama

REV. JAMES REEB, a Unitarian minister from Boston, was among many white clergymen who joined the Selma marchers after the attack by state troopers at the Edmund Pettus Bridge. Reeb was beaten to death by white men while he walked down a Selma street.

March 25, 1965 Selma Highway, Alabama

VIOLA GREGG LIUZZO, a housewife and mother from Detroit, drove alone to Alabama to help with the Selma march after seeing televised reports of the attack at the Edmund Pettus Bridge. She was driving marchers back to Selma from Montgomery when she was shot and killed by a Klansmen in a passing car.

June 2, 1965 Bogalusa, Louisiana

ONEAL MOORE was one of two black deputies hired by white officials in an attempt to appease civil rights demands. Moore and his partner, Creed Rogers, were on patrol when they were blasted with gunfire from a passing car. Moore was killed and Rogers was wounded.

July 18, 1965 Anniston, Alabama

WILLIE BREWSTER was on his way home from work when he was shot and killed by white men. The men belonged to the National States Rights Party, a violent neo-Nazi group whose members had been involved in church bombings and murders of blacks.

August 20, 1965 Hayneville, Alabama

JONATHAN MYRICK DANIELS, an Episcopal Seminary student in Boston, had come to Alabama to help with black voter registration in Lowndes County. He was arrested at a demonstration, jailed in Hayneville and then suddenly released. Moments after his release, he was shot to death by a deputy sheriff.

January 3, 1966 Tuskegee, Alabama

SAMUEL LEAMON YOUNGE JR., a student civil rights activist, was fatally shot by a white gas station owner following an argument over segregated restrooms.

January 10, 1966 Hattiesburg, Mississippi

VERNON FERDINAND DAHMER, a wealthy businessman, offered to pay poll taxes for those who couldn’t afford the fee required to vote. The night after a radio station broadcasted Dahmer’s offer, his home was firebombed. Dahmer died later from severe burns.

July 10, 1966 Natchez, Mississippi

BEN CHESTER WHITE, who had worked most of his life as a caretaker on a plantation, had no involvement in civil rights work. He was murdered by Klansmen who thought they could divert attention from a civil rights march by killing a black person.

July 30, 1966 Bogalusa, Louisiana

CLARENCE TRIGGS was a bricklayer who had attended civil rights meetings sponsored by the Congress of Racial Equality. He was found dead on a roadside, shot through the head.

February 27, 1967 Natchez, Mississippi

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February 27, 1967 Natchez, Mississippi

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

WHARLEST JACKSON, the treasurer of his local naacp chapter, was one of many blacks who received threatening Klan notices at his job. After Jackson was promoted to a position previously reserved for whites, a bomb was planted in his car. It exploded minutes after he left work one day, killing him instantly.

May 12, 1967 Jackson, Mississippi

BENJAMIN BROWN, a former civil rights organizer, was watching a student protest from the sidelines when he was hit by stray gunshots from police who fired into the crowd.

 

February 8, 1968 Orangeburg, South Carolina

SAMUEL EPHESIANS HAMMOND JR., DELANO HERMAN MIDDLETON and HENRY EZEKIALSMITH were shot and killed by police who fired on student demonstrators at the South Carolina State College campus.

April 4, 1968 Memphis, Tennessee

DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING JR., a Baptist minister, was a major architect of the civil rights movement. He led and inspired major non-violent desegregation campaigns, including those in Montgomery and Birmingham. He won the Nobel Peace Prize. He was assassinated as he prepared to lead a demonstration in Memphis.

JOHNNIE MAE CHAPPELL

Shelton Chappell was only four months old on March 23, 1964, when his mother, Johnnie Mae, was murdered as she walked along a roadside in Jacksonville, Fla. Her killers were white men looking for a black person to shoot following a day of racial unrest. More than 30 years later, with the help of a local detective, Shelton’s tireless work brought his mother the recognition she deserved.

To all those who lived through the Civil Rights era, like my colleague’s grandfather who suffered a blow to his head from participating in a sit-in at a Harlem lunch counter and remained in dependent care until his death earlier this year, this moderator applauds your courage and is completely grateful that you assumed the same risk as Martin Luther King, Jr. in just living through such an age.   To those who were fortunate enough to have survived the bullets, water hoses, nooses, beatings, fires, dogs, the KKK, burning crosses, cocktail bombs, and J. Edgar Hoover’s corrupt policies–credence and kudos. 

 

http://www.splcenter.org/pdf/static/40lives.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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